Archive for the ‘Endangered species’ Category

Q&A Chipper Wichman

September 18th, 2015


Chipper Wichman. Courtesy photo.

Chipper Wichman. Courtesy photo.

Charles "Chipper" Wichman, president and Chief Executive Officer of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, believed that the IUCN World Conservation Congress could be hosted by the U.S. and more specifically, in Honolulu. Wichman played a leadership role in bringing the Congress here, an effort that started as early as 2009. Wichman currently serves as vice chair of the WCC Hawaii Host Committee's executive committee and vice chair of its program committee.

The Green Leaf had a conversation with Wichman about the upcoming Congress, which marks a milestone because it's the first time it will be held in the U.S. The summit is expected to bring 8,000 to 10,000 leaders (from government, businesses, academia, NGOs and unique indigenous communities) representing 160 nations around the globe to the Hawai‘i Convention Center from Sept. 1 to 10, with possible attendance by President Barack Obama, Prince William and the Prince of Monaco.

Held only once every four years, the Congress, which helps shape the direction of global sustainable development, also presents plenty of opportunities for Hawaii residents to get involved.

The Congress is expected to address topics ranging from climate change (on the heels of the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris, November to December) to watershed management, conservation of marine resources, renewable energy and endangered species. The theme is "Planet at the Crossroads."

The United States has 84 IUCN Member Organizations, eight of which are in Hawaii (including the NTBG). The U.S. Department of State will need to process quite a lot of visas, and the state of Hawaii's host committee needs to raise $13 million to support the event. Visit for updates.

Green Leaf: Where did the inspiration for bringing the Congress to Hawaii come from?

Wichman: We started talking about it right after the World Congress in Barcelona in 2008. It was actually a couple of colleagues of mine — Chris Dunn, director of Lyon Arboretum at the time, Penny Levin, who is involved in protecting indigenous crops...We thought, the world could learn a lot from visiting Hawaii. It would really put the fantastic work that's going on here on the world stage. Hawaii is a microcosm of all the issues the planet is facing in a very condensed and focused way because we live on islands. And the islands are engines of evolution...We're recognized as one of the world's unique regions. We're also recognized as an endangered species capital of the world...

GL: So this Congress is often described as the Olympics of conservation. Why?

W: The World Congress is an unbelievable event. To call it the Olympics of the conservation world is true. It's the only event that brings together delegates and participants at the cutting edge of conservation — thought leaders from 160 countries around the world...APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, which took place in Honolulu in 2011) is made up of 20 leading economies. This is 160 countries, not 20. So it's much bigger and much more diverse...

GL: So you feel Honolulu has a lot to offer the world in possible conservation solutions?

W: We have a lot of challenges here, and those are challenges everyone else in the world is facing. What's compelling is it's brought together indigenous knowledge, practices and pride, and combined with cutting-edge, western science, to create conservation programs that are community-based, which are much more powerful and effective than programs that don't involve indigenous communities. We're really at the cutting edge of those bio-conservation programs that are engaging cultural knowledge and practices and wisdom...

GL: What does Honolulu have to gain from the conference?

W: On the reciprocal side, we will be infused with ideas from people who are at the cutting edge in their part of the world. It's amazing to participate in one of these events — the exchange of ideas, practice, knowledge and connections made. The value of these personal interactions can't be replaced by online webinars. There's nothing that can replace the face to face personal meetings and relationships that take place in a venue like the World Conservation Congress...

One of my dreams (I refer to it as a Big Hairy Audacious Goal) is that the president of the U.S. and governor of Hawaii will stand up at the stage of the World Congress in front of all these people from around the world, and say, we recognize the importance of the biodiversity that exists in Hawaii. We recognize the importance of Hawaii and our Hawaii culture, and we are committed to creating a biosecurity plan that will protect Hawaii, that's as strong as any other biosecurity plan in the world.

In hosting it, all these people come to Hawaii and have a wonderful Congress, but if we haven't left a legacy behind us, then I feel we've missed the boat. I've been spending a lot of time focused on engaging our community to think about how to use this as an opportunity to create a legacy...I would never have undertaken this opportunity if I did not believe hosting this would not lead to a transformation in Hawaii.

GL: What kind of transformation?

W: I think that the majority of people in Hawaii, although they know the term 'conservation' and may know Hawaii has unique flora, most people in Hawaii don't truly understand the issues that we face. And this is a way of raising the profile of these issues so that the public can really understand it. Ultimately, if the public doesn't understand it, then we will never elect political leaders that have the will to make the right choices, and to put in place the kinds of regulations and laws we need to affect our environment. I see it as transformational in raising public awareness, in terms of engaging the hearts and minds of our students in Hawaii. I would love to see every student in Hawaii, kindergarten to 12th grade, and maybe even at the university level, be aware of this and be touched by it in some way...We're hoping we'll be able to find a philanthropist to say, 'I'm willing to sponsor all the school kids in Hawaii because I think this is so potentially transformative and inspiring'...If you can plant that seed of conservation, that's our future. Our children are our future. So I see the Congress as being potentially transformational, inspiring the next generation of leaders of our state...


Posted in climate change, Conservation, Endangered species, IUCN, IUCN World Conservation Congress | Comments Off on Q&A Chipper Wichman

Pearl and Hermes

July 6th, 2015

Hermes and Pearl resting by the pool pen at Ke Kai Ola, the monk seal hospital in Kona. Hermes and Pearl were rescued as preweaned pups at Pearl and Hermes atolls in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. NMFS Permit 16632-00 and 932-1905-01. Photo credit: Julie Steelman.

Hawaiian monk seal pups Hermes and Pearl resting by the pool pen at Ke Kai Ola, a hospital run by The Marine Mammal Center in Kona. Hermes and Pearl were rescued as pre-weaned pups at Pearl and Hermes atolls in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
NMFS Permit 16632-00 and 932-1905-01MA-009526-1. Photo credit: Julie Steelman.

Happy monk seal Monday.

Here's an update on Pearl and Hermes — two prematurely weaned Hawaiian monk seal pups that NOAA researchers picked up from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, or Papahanaumokuakea, aboard the Hi‘ialakai in early June.  The pair, one female and one male, are being rehabbed at Ke Kai Ola in Kona and doing well.

The seals, named Hermes and Pearl after the atoll where they were found, graduated from fish smoothies to eating whole fish last week. The shift to eating fish (thawed-out herring) is a significant step since it eliminates the need for tube feeding.

"Pearl is starting to put on weight," said operations manager Deb Wickham. "Hermes is not putting on as much, but he's basically stable."

Pearl weighs about 35 kilograms, and Hermes weighs about 36 kilograms.

When the monk seal pups first arrived, they were under a month old, with black coats. Their coats are now turning into a silvery sheen. Besides herring, Pearl and Hermes are also enjoying "fishstickles" this summer. They sleep a lot during the day, according to Wickham, but are also playful. They're up early in the morning, and at night.

"When they first arrived, they were suckling on each other," said Wickham. "They play together. They are very bonded."

Pearl, a Hawaiian monk seal pup rescued from Pearl atoll, peeks out from her pen at Ke Kai Ola, the monk seal hospital in Kona where she is being rehabilitated. When she gains enough weight, she will be transported and released back home. Photo credit: Julie Steelman.

Pearl, a Hawaiian monk seal pup rescued from Pearl atoll, peeks out from her pen at Ke Kai Ola, the monk seal hospital in Kona where she's being rehabilitated. When she gains enough weight, she'll be released back home. NMFS Permit 16632-00 and 932-1905-01MA-009526-1. Photo credit: Julie Steelman.

The pups are expected to stay at Ke Kai Ola, a Hawaiian monk seal hospital built at a cost of $3.2 million by The Marine Mammal Center in Marin, Calif. until about September. Two other monk seal pups, Pua and Mele, were rehabilitated and plumped up at the hospital for six months last year, then transported back to Kure Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands with help from the U.S. Coast Guard. They were rescued last September as severely malnourished pups.

Wickham actually got a chance to observe them in the wild on this last 21-day voyage to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands aboard NOAA's Hi‘ialakai.

"They're doing really well, doing great," said Wickham, who added that seeing Pua and Mele healthy at home was the best reward.

Hawaiian monk seals are critically endangered, with a population of fewer than 1,100 remaining in the wild, according to NOAA. They are protected by both state and federal laws, and should be left in peace if resting on a shoreline. A growing number, between 150 to 200, are appearing on main Hawaiian isle shorelines like Maui, Kauai and Oahu. Volunteers from the Monk Seal Foundation help keep watch over them, as well as maintain a safe distance between the wild seals and humans.

Ke Kai Ola, a brand-new facility at NELHA, offers specialized pens and pools for the rehabilitation of Hawaiian monk seals, plus a fish kitchen, lab and office. The hospital welcomes help from volunteers in the community who want to help with its mission of helping save the critically endangered monk seals. Visit to learn more.

Hermes at Ke Kai Ola in Kona. Hermes just began eating whole fish and is on his way to recovery. NMFS Permit 16632-00 and 932-1905-01MA-009526. Photo credit: Julie Steelman.

Hermes at Ke Kai Ola in Kona. Hermes just began eating whole fish and is on his way to recovery. NMFS Permit 16632-00 and 932-1905-01MA-009526-1. Photo credit: Julie Steelman.

Related Video:
Pua and Mele being released at Kure Atoll (By The Marine Mammal Center)

Posted in Endangered species, Hawaiian monk seals, Marine Life, Papahanaumokuakea | Comments Off on Pearl and Hermes

Sea Lions Zeno and Shackle

February 20th, 2015

SAUSALITO, CALIF. — It took less than a minute.

Schoolchildren, teachers and other members of the public had lined up in a V-shape along the shores of Rodeo Beach in Marin, Calif., to witness the release of two rescued sea lions by staff at The Marine Mammal Center.

Once released from their kennels, California sea lions Zeno and Shackle, did not linger or hesitate. They shuffled quickly along the sand, making a beeline for the ocean. As they entered the water together, a smattering of applause came from the audience.

Then we watched in delight, as their two heads bobbed in the waves. It was a beautiful sight.

Zeno and Shackle head out to their ocean home after being rescued and released by The Marine Mammal Center at Rodea Beach in Marin, Calif.

Zeno and Shackle head out to their ocean home after being rescued and released by The Marine Mammal Center at Rodeo Beach in Marin, Calif. The two seals were rescued from the Santa Cruz and Monterey area.

Beautiful, because these wild mammals are returning to their natural habitat, where they should be. Beautiful, because they were being given a second chance — humans may have created the problems that hindered them, but humans can also be part of the solution.

What the audience may not have known is how much work it took to get the wild sea lions into the kennel, weighed on a scale, then carefully loaded onto a pickup truck and carted across the sand for the release. Staff and volunteers at the center all played a vital role.

The release was also a small, uplifting celebration in the midst of a sea lion crisis. For the third year in a row, sea lion pups are stranding along the California coastline in record numbers. While the center usually houses about 10 sea lion pups, it was taking care of nearly 100.  TIME Magazine on Feb. 18 explored whether the strandings could be caused by rising ocean temperatures impacting the diet of sea lions (squid, anchovies, mackerel).

"We call sea lions sentinels of the sea," said MMC communications curator Sarah van Scagen. "What's going on with them can tell us a lot about the oceans as a whole."

Zeno, a female California sea lion, was rescued from Santa Cruz in January. She was behaving abnormally for a sea lion, and rescuers who  picked her up confirmed she was suffering from domoic acid toxicity. Domoic acid, produced by algae, accumulates in shellfish, sardines and anchovies, which in turn, are consumed  by sea lions. The biotoxin affects the brain, causing lethargy and disorientation. It can also affect people, so the center gives the health department a heads up when it discovers a case like Zeno's.

For Shackle, a male California sea lion picked up from Monterey, the problem was simpler – he had been entangled with a fishing net around his neck that left a scar. But luckily, once the net was removed, he quickly regained weight and was ready to be released.

Releasing two sea lions together is ideal, according to van Schagen, because they can keep one another company. Sea lions are, by nature, social animals.

That seemed apparent — the pair seemed as if they were immediately bonded as they headed into the waves.

TMMC, founded in 1975, is the non-profit that recently celebrated the grand opening of Ke Kai Ola (The Healing Sea), the first monk seal hospital at NELHA in Kona, in September. With more than $3.2 million raised in funds, TMMC was able to build four pens with pools – two for juvenile and adult seals and two for pups, along with a fish kitchen, medical lab and seawater filtration infrastructure for the pools.

Ke Kai Ola's first patients were four young, malnourished monk seals — Kulia, Ikaika, Hala‘i and Maka‘ala — from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. They were admitted in July, and released (nice and fat again) on Aug. 31. The center's current patients are Meleana and Pua, also from the NWHI, who were admitted as malnourished pups in September. Hopefully, they'll be released soon, too.

Sea lions Zeno and Shackle, are released and ready to head back to their ocean home.

Sea lions Zeno and Shackle, are released and ready to head back to their ocean home.

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Monk seal pup RF58

December 4th, 2014


Rocky (RH58) and her pup (RF58) at Waipake Beach, Kauai. The pup was found dead by officials, with apparent blunt force trauma to its head last week. Photo by Jamie Thornton/NOAA.

Rocky (RH58) and her pup (RF58) at Waipake Beach, Kauai. The pup was found dead, with blunt trauma to its head last Sunday. Photo by Jamie Thompton/NOAA.

It's with great sadness that we mark the end of 2014 with the suspicious death of a Hawaiian monk seal pup on the northeast coast of Kauai.

Female pup seal RF58, died from apparent blunt force trauma to the head at a beach in Anahola on Sunday, Nov. 30. She was only an estimated 4 to 5 months old. The pup was  the daughter of Rocky (RH58) who spends most of her time on Oahu. Both had recently survived a dog attack on the north shore of Kauai in July — RF58 was one of two pups that recovered from that attack.

"What a sad day for all our volunteers who worked so hard in keeping track of all the seals out there on Kauai," said Barbara Billand, a volunteer for the Monk Seal Foundation on Oahu, in an e-mail. "I don't know why anyone would harm these poor pups. They are defenseless...vulnerable. All they are trying to do is survive."

Billand recalls having the opportunity to see RF58 as a newborn pup on Kauai back in June, when she was still with Rocky. She considers that day as a gift, as she witnessed RF58 struggle with some waves and then catch up to Rocky.

"What a great feeling of joy," she said.

"She was a beautiful, healthy little girl," said Billand. "May she rest in peace."

The news of the seal pup's death, announced Tuesday by NOAA and DLNR, is the first one due to suspicious circumstances this year. The last suspicious death of a Hawaiian monk seal was in April 2012, also on Kauai. From November 2011 to April 2012, four seals were found dead under suspicious circumstances on Kauai and Molokai.

An initial reward of $5,000 has been doubled to $10,000 for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person or persons responsible for this latest monk seal death. The Garden Island newspaper on Kauai is also offering a $10,000 reward, which was announced Friday.

Monk seal pup RF58 was found dead due to blunt force injuries, as a necropsy later revealed. She was one of two pups that had just survived a dog attack in July. Photo by Jamie Thompton/NOAA.

Monk seal pup RF58 was found dead due to blunt force injuries to her head, and internal bleeding, a necropsy later revealed. She was one of two pups that had just survived a dog attack in July. Photo by Jamie Thompton/NOAA.

I can't imagine why anyone would want to hurt a Hawaiian monk seal pup — out of viciousness or just for sport. It shows a real lack of respect for nature, and for life.

Hawaiian monk seals are a critically endangered species protected under both state and federal laws. Only an estimated 1,100 remain in the wild. Most reside in the Northwestern Hawaiian islands, but a growing number, about 200, live in and around the main Hawaiian islands. They have a lifespan of 25 to 30 years.

Many, like Rocky, also travel back and forth. Rocky travels to Kauai to give birth to monk seal pups — when the pups wean, mom leaves. The loss of a female monk seal is a blow to the survival of the species, since they are the ones that produce new pups.

Killing a Hawaiian monk seal is considered a Class C felony, with violators facing fines up to $50,000 and five years in prison.

RF58 was observed near her birthplace less than 24 hours before she was found dead, in good health and behaving normally.

A confidential hotline is available at 1-855-DLNR-TIP or 643-DLNR.

Rest in peace, RF58. You will not be forgotten.

RF58 on day of birth taken by Gary Langley

Photo of RF58 on day of birth taken by Gary Langley.

Honu and Hina

October 21st, 2014


Nature artist Patrick Ching, author of "The Story of Hina" has another book in the works: "HONU and HINA, A Story of Coexistence."

His approach to this book, which addresses how we as humans live among protected animals like the honu (Hawaiian green sea turtle) and Hawaiian monk seal, is different. He's taking it on indiegogo. The goal is to raise $15,000 by Saturday, Oct. 25.

That covers the cost for the first print run of about 4,000  books by Island Heritage Publishing, not including the painting and writing time, but the production, graphic art work, editing, printing, binding and shipping. The books are scheduled to be available in early November.

A former ranger for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Patrick Ching lived among turtles and seals on the protected atolls of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

"The Honu and Hina book will bring to light important facts about these species' history, life cycles and current status at a time when people are very curious about them," says Ching in his Indiegogo blog. "The colorful illustrations were done with the help of many artists of all ages and even some professionals!"

>> For $10, get a personalized mahalo email from Ching.

>> For $25, get a personally signed Honu and Hina mahalo card with original cartoon from Ching.

>> For $50, get a Premier Edition book, autographed, personally dedicated and cartoonized.

>> For $100, get a Premier Edition book, autographed, etc., plus an 8 x 10 inch "Dreams of Paradise" matted print featuring Honu and Hina.

>> For $200, get two Premier Edition books, plus a $97 value Ching Canvas Giclee of your choice.

>> For $1,000, get four Premier Edition books, autographed, etc. plus a $675 value Patrick Ching Canvas Giclee of your choice.

A monk seal film

August 11th, 2014

A documentary film about Hawaiian monk seals is in the works, but only has four more days to go to reach its $30,000 fundraising goal on indiegogo.

The film is the subject of today's Green Leaf column.

Robin and Andrew Eitelberg of Monterey, Calif. discovered the plight of the critically endangered Hawaiian monk seal a little over two years ago. Since last fall, they've been in the isles, dedicated to their goal of making a documentary film to help save the species.

They hope that the film, "One by One: The Struggle to Save the Hawaiian Monk Seal," will help educate the public about Hawaiian monk seals.

“When you talk to people  about monk seal outside of Hawaii, no one’s heard of them, so we’re starting with a completely blank slate," said Andrew. "We’re trying to get people aware of the species and what’s happening here.”

Making the Hawaiian monk seal, Hawaii's official state mammal, more visible and prominent, is one of their goals. Raising awareness of how hooked monk seals should be reported immediately is another.

The film will highlight the work of numerous conservation groups like the Monk Seal Foundation and The Marine Mammal Center, the passion of the scientists and volunteers who are working together to save the species, as well as the volunteers who are dedicated to protecting the seals as they haul ashore to get some rest in Hawaii.

Filmmakers Robin and Andrew Eitelberg. Courtesy image.

Filmmakers Robin and Andrew Eitelberg. Courtesy image.

The Eitelbergs, graduates from film studies at the University of California at Berkeley, believe documentaries have the power to tell a story and reach a worldwide audience. Both were impressed by "Blackfish."

They've been filming in the isles since last fall with the help of NOAA's Monk Seal Research Program. Challenges include capturing footage of seals that are spread out over thousands of miles, sometimes on remote isles like Papahanaumokuakea. They've respected the 150-foot distance from the seals, and are also careful to be quiet while shadowing NOAA scientists so as not to disturb the seals.

There have been many inspiring moments, according to Robin, including when a vet was able to successfully extricate a hook from monk seal pup Luana's mouth in June. A collective sigh of relief came from the team that rescued her, along with high-fives all around.

Funding will help the pair recoup out-of-pocket expenses already invested into travel and equipment, as well as editing, graphics and film festival submission fees. Robin says editing will take place in the fall, with a screening hopefully, by next spring.

They hope to offer screenings and discussions here as well as on the mainland.

With more funding and time, Andrew says it would be interesting to explore the unique challenges of monk seal populations for each isle.

"We want to have children, and grandchildren one day, and I am fearful my grandchildren will not get to see these monk seals and share the experience of knowing what they have to offer to all of us," said Andrew. "We have to all come together right this movement to save a species and we hope this documentary can be a spark."

A Hawaiian monk seal snoozing. Photo courtesy "One by One."

A Hawaiian monk seal snoozing. Photo courtesy "One by One."

Monk seal hospital takes first patients

July 9th, 2014


Female monk seal pupu from Pearl and Hermes atoll. Photo courtesy Jon Brack/ NOAA Fisheries.

Female monk seal pup from Pearl and Hermes atoll. Photo courtesy Jon Brack/ NOAA Fisheries.

The first monk seal patients from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands arrived at the monk seal hospital in Kona this afternoon to get a second chance at survival.

Four seals — two yearling females, a female weaned pup and male weaned pup, were all underweight for their age and thus, less likely to survive. This is especially true for the two pups, who likely would not have survived their first year of life.

NOAA Research Vessel Hi‘ialakai, which is returning  from a 26-day cruise to the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, transported the seals to the hospital. The move was possible due to a new permit that allows NOAA Fisheries to rehabilitate undernourished monk seals in medical facilities and then return them to the NWHI.

The four seals were collected at Midway Atoll, Pearl and Hermes Reef, and French Frigate Shoals. They will be fed herring and cared for over the next two months before being returned to Papahanaumokuakea, or the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Previously, scientists had to leave malnourished seals behind to fend for themselves, but now have a place to take them.

Last year, The Marine Mammal Center opened the first phase of Ke Kai Ola (The Healing Sea), a brand-new, $3.2 million facility in Kona that offers two newborn rehabilitation pens and pools, quarantine pen areas and two larger pens and pools for juvenile seals. The center, a non-profit group based in Marin, Calif. plans to add a medical lab, staff office, patient food preparation kitchen and education pavilion.

"This is an incredibly exciting time for monk seal recovery," said Charles Littnan, lead scientist for the NOAA Fisheries Hawaiian Monk Seal Research Program. "In the past, we would have had to leave these animals behind in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, and they would have almost certainly died. Now they get a second chance to live, grow and ensure the future of their species."

NOAA Fisheries recently deployed its annual monk seal recovery camps, in which teams of researchers monitor the seal population and help disentangle seals from marine debris. Field researchers will conduct their work at the camps until September.

Caring for and rehabilitating monk seals in captivity is no easy task, according to Marine Mammal Center and NOAA veterinarian Michelle Barbieri.

"Time is of the greatest essence, and these seals have a steep road ahead if they are to survive," she said. "Care for our new patients began the moment they were brought aboard the ship, and Ke Kai Ola will provide the healing environment to help them make it through the difficult weeks ahead. We will continue working around the clock to give these animals the medical support and nutrition the need before they are returned to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands."

Hawaiian monk seals, found only in the Hawaiian islands, are critically endangered, with a population hovering at about 1,100. Fewer than one in five Hawaiian monk seal pups in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands survive their first year due to threats like entanglement in ocean trash, changes in the food chain and predation. NOAA Fisheries is making efforts to slow the species decline.

To get updates, like the Hawaiian Monk Seal Research Program on Facebook.

BFO2_Pearl and Hermes Reef_male pup_Koa Matusoka

Male monk seal pup (BF02) at Pearl and Hermes Reef. Photo by Koa Matusoka/NOAA.

BFOO_Pearl and Hermes_Female pup_JonBrack

NOAA scientists help transport a female monk seal pup at Pearl and Hermes Reef. Photo by Jon Brack/NOAA.

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Monk seal count

May 14th, 2014


Kermit the Hawaiian monk seal enjoying the sunshine on his belly. Photo by Monk Seal Foundation volunteer Barbara Billand.

Kermit the Hawaiian monk seal enjoying the sunshine's warmth on his belly. Photo by Monk Seal Foundation volunteer Barbara Billand.

Love Hawaiian monk seals?

The Monk Seal Foundation is seeking volunteers statewide for the 14th semi-annual Main Hawaiian Islands Monk Seal Count from 9 a.m. to noon on Saturday, May 17 in honor of Endangered Species Day (May 16 2014).

Only about 1,100 Hawaiian monk seals, known as ilioholoikauaua (dog running in the rough seas in Hawaiian) remain in the isles today, with their population in decline as they face habitat loss, net entanglement and sometimes human harassment. They are a native species found only in Hawaii, and protected by the Marine Mammal Protection Act and Endangered Species Act. The state of Hawaii considers the intentional harm or killing of a seal a third-degree felony.

Spend a few hours looking for the endangered monk seal while cleaning up the shorelines. No experience is needed to volunteer.

To sign up or request more information, contact:

>>  Oahu: Dana Jones – 808.234.7325 or

>>  Kauai: Mary Werthwine – 480.225.5604 or

>>  Molokai: Diane Pike – 808.658.0154 or

>>  Maui /

>>  Hawaii Island: 808.987.0765

Posted in Endangered species, Hawaiian monk seals | Comments Off on Monk seal count

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