The Green Leaf
April 15th, 2016

Courtesy NASA, Captured by the MODIS on NASA's Terra satellite Jan. 2014.

Courtesy NASA, Captured by the MODIS on NASA's Terra satellite Jan. 2014.

Earth Day falls on April 22, 2016. Nowadays, people like to celebrate it during the entire month. But of course, Earth Day is every day.

The first Earth Day took place on April 22, 1970, with approximately 20 million people taking place across the U.S. through demonstrations in the streets or parks for environmental causes. The celebration has since gone global. If you're interested in learning more about Earth Day history, CNN Library offers some fast facts.

Here are some ways to celebrate in the 808 (Hawaii).

10 a.m.-4 p.m., Friday, April 22: University of Hawaii at Manoa's Earth Day Festival offers an inspiring day of music, art, yoga and celebration of earth stewardship at the Campus Center and Legacy Path. Connect through Facebook.

9-11 a.m., Friday, April 22: Earth Day at Turtle Bay Resort. Celebrate Earth Day at Turtle Bay with a guided hike to Kahuku Point by the North Shore Community Land Trust followed by a beach cleanup, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Check in at 8:45 a.m. at the Guidepost experiential center, Turtle Bay Resort. Cleanup followed by a complimentary light lunch. From 7 to 8 p.m. in the evening, free diver Ocean Ramsey conducts a Talk Story on shark conservation at Surfer, The Bar. ($5 donation requested).

8:45-11 a.m., Saturday, April 23: 8th Annual Ka Iwi Clean-Up: Clean the Ka Iwi Shoreline with Rep. Gene Ward, former Peace Corps Volunteers, Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, Kaiser High School, Friends of Ka Iwi and 808 Cleanups. Meet at Alan Davis Wall. Picinic lunch to follow at Maunalua Bay. Bags, gloves and water provided.

9 a.m.-2 p.m., Saturday, April 23: Mauka to Makai Environmental Expo, Waikiki Aquarium. Interactive booths, including the Journey Home puppet show, a story about Apoha the o‘opu and friends, free native Hawaiian plants (first come, first serve) and complimentary water stations for guests who bring refillable bottles. More info at this link.

8 a.m.-11 a.m. Saturday, April 23: Sea Life Park beach cleanup takes place across from the park on the other side of Kalanianaole Highway. Public is invited to help clean the shoreline. First 50 participants will be invited to visit Sea Life Park free of charge following the event, while others will be offered a special rate of $9.50 for the day. Please bring gloves and a bucket instead of plastic bags to store trash. Free parking at Sea Life Park lot. Show bucket to the attendant.

9:30 a.m.-12 p.m., Sunday, April 24: Magic Island Beach Cleanup. The Honolulu Museum of Art and Kokua Hawai‘i Foundation invite the public to join a beach cleanup at Magic Island, Ala Moana Beach Park. Bring a reusable water bottle, hat and sunscreen. Check in at Picnic Site 30. Refreshments served at the end of cleanup.

9 a.m.-4 p.m., Saturday, April 30: Sustainable Coastlines Hawaii and partners bring you the Earth Day Festival and Ultimate Sand Sifter Competition. Check in time is 9 a.m. at Waimanalo Beach Park. Groups will fan out and clean windward shorelines from Makapu‘u to Bellows. Finalists from the sand sifter competition will also be on hand to showcase their design ideas for getting micro-plastics off the beach. Visit

April 18-22: Earth Week at Hawai‘i Pacific University. 

5:30-7:30 p.m., Monday, April 18: David M. Berube delivers the presidential lecture series on global leadership and sustainability, entitled "Emerging Technologies, Energy and Public Engagement."

11 a.m.-1 p.m., Wednesday, April 20: Earth Week Fair at HPU's Center Atrium, with various local organizations. Visit

12-1 p.m., Friday, April 22: HPU Libraries "Seed Project." Share a love for seeds. "Take, leave, whatevas..." Win a plant and make a gecko bookmark. Atherton Library, Hawaii Loa Campus.

5:30-6:30 p.m., Friday, April 22: Food Waste Prevention Presentation followed by sustainability and healthy living education presented by Pono Home. Hawaii Loa Campus Dining Commons.

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March 21st, 2016


Last year, Dr. Beach, or Stephen P. Leatherman, a professor at Florida International University, listed Waimanalo Beach Park on Oahu as No. 1 on his list of Top 10 Beaches in America.

He praised Waimanalo as a great beach for its soft, white sands, which extend for more than five miles. He mentioned the turquoise waters and shade of ironwood trees.

Of course, he made no mention of the stinging Portuguese man-o-war that land on the shoreline on windy days, nor the huge amount of marine debris that this part of the island seems to comb in from the reef in great quantities.

Nevertheless, Waimanalo Beach Park is slated for some "malama" as Sustainable Coastlines Hawaii organizes a beach cleanup and Earth Day Festival from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Saturday, April 30.

The new Education Station , a mobile classroom made from a recycled shipping container, will be on hand, along with live entertainment, games and more.

This sand sifter by Kailua Beach Adventures won last year's competition.

This sand sifter by Kailua Beach Adventures won last year's competition.

Sustainable Coastlines also brings back the Ultimate Sand Sifter Competition, which encourages community members to create an apparatus that removes microplastic marine debris from the sand. Finalists from each age division will be invited to build and demonstrate their sifter at the final challenge on April 30. Winners get a cash prize of $1,000.

"The goal of the sand sifter competition is to foster out-of-the-box thinking for removing the bite-size plastics that harm fish and seabirds," said SCH executive director Kahi Pacarro. "We expect to see some of the most innovative designs compete on Earth day, and look forward to the positive impact that this competition will have on the coastlines and community."

Visit to learn more.


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March 14th, 2016

Photo of humpback whale and mom. Courtesy J. Moore – HIHWNMS/ NOAA Permit # 15240

Photo of humpback whale and mom. Courtesy J. Moore – HIHWNMS/ NOAA Permit # 15240

We admire them from a distance and have studied them for more than 30 years, yet they remain a mystery.

Despite a late arrival, the humpback whales are back in the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale Sanctuary, here to mate and nurse their calves in the warmer and shallower waters of the islands. While scientists have gained a lot of knowledge about whale biology and behavior, they have never witnessed the humpback whales in the act of mating.

Drone footage recently captured a mother humpback whale "tail-sailing," or basically doing a headstand in the ocean with its tail out of the water, catching the wind like a sail. The "tail-sailing" is common among southern right whales, but has rarely been documented among humpback whales.

The footage was captured during a two-week study by the Office of National Marine Sanctuaries' Collaborative Center for Unmanned Technology, which also used drones to conduct health assessments of the whales from a closer distance.

Volunteers continue to count sightings of the humpback whales from the shores of Kauai, Oahu and the Big Island on the last day of the month in January, February and March. As featured in today's Green Leaf column, some of these volunteers, like June Kawamata, are dedicated citizen scientists. Kawamata, a retired oordinator from Kailua High School's cafeteria, served as an Ocean Count site leader at Lanai Lookout for 20 years. She still heads out when she can, out of a love for the whales.

One more count is scheduled for March 26. If interested, visit

Boaters are also reminded to be vigilant during humpback whale season, which generally runs from November through May in Hawaii. Mariners are asked to report any collisions with whales, or injured or entangled whales to NOAA's 24-hour hotline at 1-888-256-9840.

Humpback whale breaching. 2011. Courtesy Ed Lyman – HIHWNMS/ NOAA Permit # 14682

Humpback whale breaching. 2011. Courtesy Ed Lyman – HIHWNMS/ NOAA Permit # 14682

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March 9th, 2016

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The Malama Learning Center's annual Calabash & Cooks fundraiser takes place from 5:30 to 8:30 p.m. on Saturday, March 12 at Kapolei High School.

Professional chefs from Roy's Ko Olina, Firehouse, La‘ela‘e and Pono Plates will be serving up some dishes, along with student chefs from six different public high schools — Campbell, Kapolei, Moanalua, Radford, Waianae and Waipahu.

It's the third annual event for the Malama Learning Center, a non-profit which works to educate the public about sustainable, healthy living. Proceeds benefit the center and its activities, which include site restoration projects at Piliokahe Beach Park, Kalaeloa and Nanakuli wetlands. The center also encourages school and community gardens, programs for youth and hands-on workshops on worm composting.

"This year Calabash & Cooks is really going back to its roots and focusing on the main ingredient of our organization – our children," said Pauline Sato, executive director of Malama Learning Center. "By putting the students front and center we are empowering them to create something special that brings together all the knowledge they've learned throughout the year in dishes that celebrate local, sustainable products."

Featured dishes this year will include Campbell High School's signature appetizer of kalua pork won tons with island style salsa and Kapolei High's award-winning pineapple-banana-lilikoi cobbler with ice cream.

Every dish will have at least four to six locally grown or sourced ingredients. A silent auction, live entertainment and country store will also take place.

Tickets start at $40 ($20 for keiki 10 and under; $25 for students and $75 for VIP). Purchase tickets online at


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March 7th, 2016

Academy Award-winning film director Louie Psihoyos exposes the underground world of the endangered species trade in his new film, "Racing Extinction," which was screened for a Honolulu audience on Friday evening.

The director of "The Cove," which exposed the annual dolphin slaughter in Taiji, Japan, and his team from the Oceanic Preservation Society focus this time on the underground market of shark finning in China and covert offering of whale meat at The Hump, a now closed-down sushi restaurant in Santa Monica, Calif.

Footage includes the precious clip of the last (and now extinct) male ‘o‘o bird singing for a female on Kauai, which is stored in the archives of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. The Grasshopper Sparrow may be next to go extinct.

Vulcan Productions and the Hawaii Wildlife Coalition hosted the free screening on Friday evening at Blaisdell Concert Hall in celebration of World Wildlife Day.

"Each year about one in a million species should expire naturally," said Stuart Pimm, conservation ecologist from Duke University in the film. "In the next few decades, we'll be driving species to extinction a thousand times faster than they should be."

In 100 years or so, we could lose up to 50 percent of all species on earth, according to the film. No surprise, humans are the driving force of this mass extinction.

The film focuses heavily on the shark finning and exotic animal trade in China. It also looks at the killing of manta rays in Lamakera, a remote fishing village in Indonesia, for their gills, which are being touted as a Traditional Chinese Medicine cure.

While "Racing Extinction" covers a broad swathe, addressing a range of issues from ocean acidification to carbon emissions and their impact on the earth, it does not delve into the world of elephant and rhino poaching in Africa or other parts of the world.

It offers beautiful, underwater footage of blue whales, dolphins, whale sharks, hammerhead sharks and manta rays.

After the screening, actress Kristin Bauer van Straten moderated a panel including race car driver Leilani Munter (whose mother is from Kona and who is in the film), Jeffrey Flocken, North America regional director for the International Fund for Animal Welfare and Elly Pepper, policy advocate of the Land & Wildlife Program for the Natural Resources Defense Council.


Actress Kristin Bauer van Straten moderates the panel discussion following the film's screening at Blaisdell Concert Hall with race car driver and environmental activist Leilani Munter, Jeffrey Flocken of IFAW and Elly Pepper of NRDC. An endangered Hawaiian monk seal is on the screen behind them. Seals are not featured in the film.

Hawaii is the third largest market for ivory in the U.S., behind New York and California, according to a brochure from the Conservation Council for Hawai‘i. The latter two states now have laws in place.

The council urged support for HB2502 and SB2647, which would prohibit the trafficking of any part of protected animal species in Hawaii, including any species of elephant, rhinoceros, tiger, great ape, Hawaiian monk seal, shark, ray, sea turtle, walrus, narwhal, whale, lion, pangolin, cheetah and more. For the full list, see the bill.

The bill mentions that Hawaii, as host of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's World Conservation Congress in September, should demonstrate leadership in endangered species protection.

A House vote on HB2502 is scheduled for Tuesday.

Despite the gruesome discoveries, the film concludes with a message of hope that we can save animals from going extinct.

"If we all lose hope there is no hope," said Jane Goodall, who is seen in the film, releasing a chimpanzee back into the wild. "Without hope, people fall into apathy. There's still a lot left worth fighting for."

"Racing Extinction" was broadcast on The Discovery Channel on Dec. 2, but is also available on iTunes, Amazon and Google Play.

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March 3rd, 2016

The ‘ohi‘a lehua is in trouble due to a fungal infestation called "Rapid Ohia Death." UH Mano's Lyon Arboretum has launchd a GoFundMe campaign to collect and bank ‘ohi‘a seeds. Photo courtesy UH.

The ‘ohi‘a lehua is in trouble due to a fungal infestation called "Rapid Ohia Death." UH Manoa's Lyon Arboretum launched a GoFundMe campaign to collect and bank ‘ohi‘a seeds to preserve them for future forest restoration. Photo courtesy UH.

In an effort to save the ‘ohi‘a lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha), the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa's Lyon Arboretum launched a GoFundMe campaign last month.

The goal is to raise $35,000 to help scientists collect and bank ‘ohi‘a seeds for the arboretum's Seed Conservation Laboratory. As of this week, roughly three-fourths of the goal has been reached.

The native ‘ohi‘a is under threat by a fungal infestation, called Rapid ‘Ohi‘a Death, that has decimated more than 34,000 acres of the ‘ohi‘a forest on the Big Island. Across the state, the ‘ohi‘a trees occupy about 865,000 acres.

Once an individual tree is infected, it dies within a matter of weeks. Its leaves turn brown and fall off, leaving a skeleton behind. Hundreds of thousands of trees have been infected by the blight, and there is no known treatment for it.

Once infected, the ‘ohi‘a lehua die within weeks. Leaves turn brown and fall off, leaving a skeleton behind. Courtesy UH.

Once infected, the ‘ohi‘a lehua die within weeks. Leaves turn brown and fall off, leaving a skeleton behind. Courtesy UH.

Considered by many to be the most important tree in Hawaii, the ‘ohi‘a plays a central role in Hawaiian culture and mythology as well as in the state's forest ecology. Native birds and tree snails live and feed on them. Their canopy protects smaller trees and native shrubs, creating the watershed that recharges our water supply.

"There is an old Hawaiian proverbial saying, he ali‘i ka ‘aina, he haua ke kanaka, the land is chief and the people are its servants," said UH Hilo professor Kalena Silva. "And so we remember, that the ‘ohi‘a doesn't need us. We need it."

The ‘ohi‘a lehua are among the first plants to grow after a new lava flow. Courtesy UH.

The ‘ohi‘a lehua are among the first plants to grow after a new lava flow. Courtesy UH.

The Seed Conservation Laboratory has been storing native Hawaiian seeds for more than 20 years and currently banks more than 12 million seeds from over 500 native species. Marian Chau, lab manager, said the funds will help staff collect ‘ohi‘a seeds from at-risk areas of the Big Island as well as ‘ohi‘a seeds endemic to Oahu for long-term storage in the seed bank.

Visit to show some ‘ohi‘a love.

The rewards are as simple as a hug from the staff for a donation of $10 to a beautiful print of "A Dozen Lehua" by Joey Latsha for $100 or a private, docent-led tour of Lyon Arboretum and an OhiaLove T-Shirt for $1,000.

Related videos (courtesy University of Hawaii):

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February 26th, 2016

Honolulu Star-Advertiser file photo by Krystle Marcellus.

Honolulu Star-Advertiser file photo by Krystle Marcellus.

Several non-profit environmental and solar advocacy groups united their voices this week in protest of the Hawaiian Electric Industries' maneuvers to oppose renewable energy. Although HECO publicly claims to be working toward the state's goal of using 100 percent renewables by 2045, its actions seem to support just the opposite.

It's like having a two-faced utility. HECO's corporate website will tell you it's committed to protecting the environment, with a nice photo of a Hawaiian sea turtle.

And yet, the Clean Energy Coalition points out how HECO is moving Hawaii in the wrong direction, considering:

>> HECO just proposed the building of a 383-megawatt power plant on Oahu to burn liquefied natural gas, or diesel oil, if the NextEra deal is approved.

>> HECO is asking to expand the state's largest coal plant to 189 megawatts, which is equivalent to the power generated by allowing about 6,000 homes to install rooftop solar.

>> Yet HECO just killed a deal for three large solar farms which would have brought more than 100 megawatts of clean and relatively inexpensive energy on to the grid, reducing electricity rates for Oahu residents.

>> HECO fought to slash compensation to residents with rooftop solar and limit the amount of solar that can be installed.

>> On Oahu, HECO has not approved a rooftop solar application under the new Public Utilities Commission tariffs in more than four months.

On Monday, Earthjustice, The Sierra Club, Blue Planet Foundation, Hawaii PV Coalition, Alliance for Solar Choice and Hawaii Solar Energy Association raised the above concerns with Hawaii's largest electrical utilities.

"Hawaii claims to support clean energy," said Marti Townsend, director of the Sierra Club of Hawaii. "So why isn't HECO moving forward with real clean energy projects? How can a state-sponsored public utility flout the will of the people and the Legislature?"

Robert Harris, spokesman for the Alliance for Solar Choice, said: "It's time to change the system. We need to look at options, such as putting another entity in charge of running the grid who doesn't produce or sell power. HECO won't change its stripes if it's not in its financial interest to do so."

Rick Reed, president of the Hawaii Solar Energy Association, said 96 percent of people in Hawaii believe we should have more solar power, not less.

"Anything that's not meaningfully moving in that direction isn't respecting what the people want: cheaper and cleaner power," he said.

Jeff Mikulina, executive director of the Blue Planet Foundation, said: "It's time to say no to more fossil fuels. It's simply not acceptable for our utility to be proposing new fossil fuels at the same time it's slow down clean, local power."

The Public Utilities Commission resumes a third round of testimony on NextEra Energy Inc.'s proposed $4.3 billion purchase of the state's largest electric utility next week.

February 22nd, 2016

Juvenile, female monk seal at Midway Atoll. Photo courtesy NOAA/Stacie Robinson.

Juvenile, female monk seal at Midway Atoll. Photo courtesy NOAA/Stacie Robinson.

In an effort to further protect endangered Hawaiian monk seals, NOAA Fisheries announced the beginning of routine vaccinations of the pinnipeds on Oahu.

The proactive measure, announced Feb. 19, is part of a concerted effort to protect the monk seals in advance against morbillivirus, a disease which could possibly be passed on to them via unvaccinated dogs with distemper or other marine mammals, including whales, dolphins and other wayward seal species. There is no disease outbreak affecting Hawaiian monk seals at this time.

Morbillivirus, once introduced into seals, can spread rapidly through respiratory secretions. Outbreaks of morbillivirus have caused the deaths of thousands of dolphins and seals in other parts of the world. Hawaiian monk seals are at risk due to a lack of immunity to morbillivirus and poor genetic diversity.

Initial efforts will focus on Oahu, and continue until October.

The outlook for Hawaiian monk seals, is improving, slowly but surely, according to the latest State of the Seal address in mid-February, with the population now at 1,272 compared to about 1,100. More seal pups were born across the archipelago in the last year compared to previous years. Besides vaccinations, officials are intervening with disentanglement and de-hooking efforts.

2060609-151 CTY MONK SEALS On Thursday, June 1, 2006 Hawaiian monk seal R5AY gave birth in a North Shore location. While pups have been born on Rabbit Island for the last three years, this is the first seal born on Oahu in a public area since 1998. NOAA Fisheries Service and Oahu Hawaiian Monk Seal Response Team staff and volunteers moniter the site and monk seals. Basically, all I saw was the monk seals just laying on the sand with the baby moving around the mother. The mother didn't move very much. When she did move, the baby also followed her closely. PHOTO BY DENNIS ODA., JUNE 9, 2006.

On June 1, 2006 Hawaiian monk seal R5AY gave birth in a North Shore location. PHOTO BY DENNIS ODA., JUNE 9, 2006.

The Hawaiian monk seal is one of NOAA's eight selected "Species in the Spotlight" with its own five-year action plan. The other species include the Atlantic Salmon in the Gulf of Maine; central California coast coho; Beluga Whale of Cook inlet; Pacific Leatherback sea turtle; winter-run Chinook of Sacramento River; southern resident Killer Whale and white abalone.


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February 17th, 2016

Waste diversion pop-up tent set up by Sustainable Coastlines Hawaii. Courtesy SCH.

Waste diversion pop-up tent set up by Sustainable Coastlines Hawaii. Courtesy SCH.

The tally is in.

Sustainable Coastlines Hawaii released a final analysis of the amount of waste it was able to divert during the 2016 Volcom Pipe Pro at Pipeline from Jan. 28 to Feb. 7. Total: 1,365 pounds.

The grassroots non-profit group set up more than 10 waste diversion systems (pop-up recycling tents) along the coastline and collected the 1,365 pounds over the three-day contest period. Of that total, 1,004 pounds were sent to be recycled or composted, while 361 pounds went to H-POWER. Compostable materials were sent to Waihuena Farm on the North Shore to be transformed into soil.

"Although we primarily focus on plastic pollution issues through coastal cleanups," said Kahi Pacarro, director of SCH, "the partnerships to reduce event impacts on communities means reaching a larger audience to share the issues of over consumption and our throw away culture. We hope our work influences more people to inspect their own waste stream and see where they can reduce the amount of trash they create. Even more, get fired up to join us at an upcoming cleanup!"

Sustainable Coastlines Hawaii also set up an Education Station, made from a modified 20-foot shipping container to help educate people about plastic pollution and waste. The station was open to the public every night that the competition ran.

Sustainable Coastline Hawaii's Education Station, made from a modified 20-foot shipping container, serves as a mobile classroom and movie screen to educate others about plastic pollution and marine debris. Courtesy SCH.

Sustainable Coastline Hawaii's Education Station, made from a modified 20-foot shipping container, serves as a mobile classroom and movie screen to educate others about plastic pollution and marine debris. Courtesy SCH.

With thousands of spectators and participants converging on Oahu's North Shore, there's bound to be a lot of throwaway waste, unless the organizers take initiative. The Vans Triple Crown of Surfing, designated a Deep Blue Surfing Event for the third year, also made an effort to divert waste from the landfill in partnership with SCH.

Here's the larger picture on waste diversion for all of the Vans Triple Crown of Hawaii, which took place on Oahu's North Shore from Nov. 12 to Dec. 20, with three major surf contests.

>> Triple Crown offered Flowater drinking stations to help divert 36,000 plastic water bottles.

>> Food waste went to Waihuena Farm, an organic farm on the North Shore that turned it into compost. Ke Nui Kitchen, which caters the contest, in turn purchased its produce from the farm, closing the loop.

>> Contest event banners were upcycled into bags and totes by Honolulu manufacturer Mafia Bags.

>> Organizers used 70 percent biodiesel  sourced from Hawaii-based Pacific Biodiesel for its transportation needs.

>> Triple Crown donated $41,000 to local schools, youth education and environmental protection of the North Shore, as well as $40,000 for renovations of the public restrooms at Haleiwa Beach Park.

>> Purchased 944 tons of CO2 offsets from the Valdivian Coastal Conservation Reserve in coastal Chile to offset the carbon footprint of travel, hotel accommodations and energy use to power the events.

Mick Fanning of Australia wins at Sunset. Courtesy World Surf League.

Mick Fanning of Australia wins at Sunset. Courtesy World Surf League.

Posted in beach cleanup,compost,Waste | Comments Off on Waste wipeout

February 12th, 2016

Aiea Public Library's 75-kW system, 6,000 square feet of solar panels are finally up and running. Courtesy image.

Aiea Public Library's 75-kW system, or 6,000 square feet of solar panels (336 in all), are finally up and running more than a year after they were installed. The library had to take measures to protect the community's grid against "possible over-voltage concerns." Courtesy image.

Hawaii ranked fourth in number of solar jobs per capita in 2015, according to a comprehensive Solar Jobs Census released by The Solar Foundation, a Washington DC-based non-profit group this week.

The first-ever Solar Jobs Census offers data on solar jobs in all 50 states, with a breakdown for every state and federal congressional district.

California got top rank for the number of solar jobs, having created more than 20,000 new quality jobs in one year. California also became the first state to surpass the 75,000 jobs benchmark. Massachusetts, meanwhile, came in No. 2, with more than 15,000 solar jobs.

In 2014, the Census counted 2,814 jobs in the state of Hawaii, with the majority located in Honolulu (1,783) followed by Maui (437), Hawaii island (428), Kauai (166). The Hawaii's snapshot also found that the majority of those, or 2,814, were installation related jobs.

The Census counted 162,986 homes powered  by solar and 116 solar companies. It gave Hawaii an "F" Net meter policy grade (most likely due to recent developments doing away with the program), and an "A" for the Interconnection policy grade.

Here's a quick look at who came out on top:

Most Solar Jobs: 1. California 2. Massachusetts 3. Nevada 4.  New York 5. New Jersey

Most Solar Jobs Per Capita: 1. Nevada 2. Massachusetts 3. Vermont 4. Hawaii 5. California

Highest Percent Solar Capacity Growth 2014-15: 1. South Carolina 2. Utah 3. Georgia 4. Oregon 5. New Hampshire

A total of 33 states, including the District of California, saw positive solar jobs growth over the past year. Many states experienced double-digit growth. Find the full report at

Kaimuki Middle School's parking solar array recently went online, providing the campus with solar power as part of the Department of Education's Ke Hei energy efficiency program. Photo by Nina Wu.

Kaimuki Middle School's parking solar array recently went online, providing the campus with solar power as part of the Department of Education's Ka Hei energy efficiency program. Classrooms at Kaimuki Middle School are air-conditioned. Photo by Nina Wu.

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